| Vale is a metals and mining company. Co. is a producer of iron ore and nickel. Co. is also engaged in greenfield mineral exploration in various countries. Co.'s main activities of the operating segments are: ferrous minerals, which comprise of the production and extraction of iron ore, iron ore pellets, manganese, other ferrous products and its logistic services; base metals, which include the production and extraction of nickel and its by-products (copper, gold, silver, cobalt, precious metals and others) and copper, as well as its by-products (gold and silver); and coal, which comprises of the production and extraction of metallurgical and thermal coal and its logistic services. The VALE YTD return is shown above.
The YTD Return on the VALE YTD return page and across the coverage universe of our site,
is a measure of the total return for a given investment year-to-date for the current calendar year
(up to the end of prior trading session). Arguably, choosing the current calendar year for a measurement
period is on the one hand completely arbitrary, but on the other hand a year-to-date look can be extremely
useful in the context of our country's tax system which taxes gains and income on a calendar year basis.
Thus, researching Year-To-Date Returns is good practice for investors — whether VALE YTD return or other benchmarks/peers
— and when doing so it is also important to factor in dividends, because a financial instrument's YTD return is
more than just the change in price if that instrument pays a dividend or coupon. Our website aims to empower investors
by performing the VALE YTD return calculation (with any dividends reinvested as applicable), and to provide a
coverage universe of many stocks and ETFs to be able to compare YTD returns.